Cavities, also known as tooth decay, are permanently damaged areas of the teeth—they develop in the form of holes and tiny openings due to bacterial infection. Many factors are contributing to the formation of cavities, such as the food a person eats and poor oral hygiene. Cavity formation is one of the world’s leading health problems. This condition is common in children, teenagers, and older adults. However, everyone with teeth is eligible to get cavities if they are not careful enough. Even infants can get cavities.
Without treatment, cavities will only get larger and will affect the deeper areas of the teeth, leading to infection, gum swelling, and loss of teeth.
What are the symptoms of cavities?
The signs and symptoms of a cavity vary depending on the severity of its damage. During the beginning of cavity formation, there are no noticeable symptoms at all. But once the decay gets larger, the signs and symptoms may include:
- Tooth sensitivity
- Spontaneous toothache
- Holes forming on the surface of the tooth
- Pain when biting
What are the different types of cavities?
Cavities have several types depending on the location and other factors. The different types of cavities include:
Root cavities. These types of cavities happen when the gums recede. Old age can be a factor of gum recession. Gum recession exposes the root which has no enamel covering, making it susceptible to decay.
Coronal decay. The most common type of cavity for both adults and children. This cavity is located on the chewing surfaces of the teeth and can also be found in between the teeth.
Recurrent decay. This happens when the tooth filling or dental sealants get cavities. Food particles and plaque stick to these areas easily.
Tips for Cavity Prevention
- Brushing the teeth twice a day is essential. Proper flossing and the use of mouthwash keeps the food particle and the plaque away from your teeth, and kills the bacteria that cause decay. Brushing with fluoride toothpaste helps protect the teeth.
- Having regular dental checkups is a good preventative measure. A cavity cannot spread and continue affecting the tooth if it is detected and treated early.
- Eating a well-balanced diet with less sugar and starchy food will prevent the formation of harmful acid in the mouth.
You deserve outstanding dental care services. We provide Complete Checkups in Boca Raton, FL. Book your appointment with us at Aqua Dental Loft, and let us help you achieve beautiful and healthy teeth!